Each of the High Contracting Parties shall be at liberty to denounce
the present Convention.
The denunciation shall be notified in writing to
the Swiss Federal Council, which shall transmit it to the Governments
of all the High Contracting Parties.
The denunciation shall take effect one year after
the notification thereof has been made to the Swiss Federal Council.
However, a denunciation of which notification has been made at a
time when the denouncing Power is involved in a conflict shall not
take effect until peace has been concluded, and until after operations
connected with the release, repatriation and re-establishment of
the persons protected by the present Convention have been terminated.
The denunciation shall have effect only in respect
of the denouncing Power. It shall in no way impair the obligations
which the Parties to the conflict shall remain bound to fulfil by
virtue of the principles of the law of nations, as they result from
the usages established among civilized peoples, from the laws of
humanity and the dictates of the public conscience.
The Swiss Federal Council shall register the present Convention
with the Secretariat of the United Nations. The Swiss Federal Council
shall also inform the Secretariat of the United Nations of all ratifications,
accessions and denunciations received by it with respect to the
In witness whereof the undersigned, having deposited
their respective full powers, have signed the present Convention.
Done at Geneva this twelfth day of August 1949,
in the English and French languages. The original shall be deposited
in the Archives of the Swiss Confederation. The Swiss Federal Council
shall transmit certified copies thereof to each of the signatory
and acceding States.
Draft Agreement Relating to Hospital and Safety Zones and Localities
Hospital and safety zones shall be strictly reserved for the persons
mentioned in Article 23 of the Geneva Convention for the Amelioration
of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the
Field of 12 August 1949, and in Article 14 of the Geneva Convention
relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of
12 August 1949, and for the personnel entrusted with the organization
and administration of these zones and localities, and with the care
of the persons therein assembled.
Nevertheless, persons whose permanent residence
is within such zones shall have the right to stay there.
No persons residing, in whatever capacity, in a hospital and safety
zone shall perform any work, either within or without the zone,
directly connected with military operations or the production of
The Power establishing a hospital and safety zone shall take all
necessary measures to prohibit access to all persons who have no
right of residence or entry therein.
Hospital and safety zones shall fulfil the following conditions:
(a) they shall comprise only a small part of the
territory governed by the Power which has established them
(b) they shall be thinly populated in relation to the possibilities
(c) they shall be far removed and free from all military objectives,
or large industrial or administrative establishments
(d) they shall not be situated in areas which, according to every
probability, may become important for the conduct of the war.
Hospital and safety zones shall be subject to the following obligations:
(a) the lines of communication and means of transport which they
possess shall not be used for the transport of military personnel
or material, even in transit
(b) they shall in no case be defended by military means.
Hospital and safety zones shall be marked by means of oblique red
bands on a white ground, placed on the buildings and outer precincts.
Zones reserved exclusively for the wounded and sick
may be marked by means of the Red Cross (Red Crescent, Red Lion
and Sun) emblem on a white ground.
They may be similarly marked at night by means of
The Powers shall communicate to all the High Contracting Parties
in peacetime or on the outbreak of hostilities, a list of the hospital
and safety zones in the territories governed by them. They shall
also give notice of any new zones set up during hostilities.
As soon as the adverse party has received the above-mentioned
notification, the zone shall be regularly established.
If, however, the adverse party considers that the
conditions of the present agreement have not been fulfilled, it
may refuse to recognize the zone by giving immediate notice thereof
to the Party responsible for the said zone, or may make its recognition
of such zone dependent upon the institution of the control provided
for in Article 8.
Any Power having recognized one or several hospital and safety zones
instituted by the adverse Party shall be entitled to demand control
by one or more Special Commissions, for the purpose of ascertaining
if the zones fulfil the conditions and obligations stipulated in
the present agreement.
For this purpose, members of the Special Commissions
shall at all times have free access to the various zones and may
even reside there permanently. They shall be given all facilities
for their duties of inspection.
Should the Special Commissions note any facts which they consider
contrary to the stipulations of the present agreement, they shall
at once draw the attention of the Power governing the said zone
to these facts, and shall fix a time limit of five days within which
the matter should be rectified. They shall duly notify the Power
which has recognized the zone.
If, when the time limit has expired, the Power governing
the zone has not complied with the warning, the adverse Party may
declare that it is no longer bound by the present agreement in respect
of the said zone.
Any Power setting up one or more hospital and safety zones, and
the adverse Parties to whom their existence has been notified, shall
nominate or have nominated by the Protecting Powers or by other
neutral Powers, persons eligible to be members of the Special Commissions
mentioned in Articles 8 and 9.
In no circumstances may hospital and safety zones be the object
of attack. They shall be protected and respected at all times by
the Parties to the conflict.