The Detaining Power shall encourage intellectual, educational and
recreational pursuits, sports and games amongst internees, whilst
leaving them free to take part in them or not. It shall take all
practicable measures to ensure the exercice thereof, in particular
by providing suitable premises.
All possible facilities shall be granted to internees
to continue their studies or to take up new subjects. The education
of children and young people shall be ensured; they shall be allowed
to attend schools either within the place of internment or outside.
Internees shall be given opportunities for physical
exercise, sports and outdoor games. For this purpose, sufficient
open spaces shall be set aside in all places of internment. Special
playgrounds shall be reserved for children and young people.
The Detaining Power shall not employ internees as workers, unless
they so desire. Employment which, if undertaken under compulsion
by a protected person not in internment, would involve a breach
of Articles 40 or 51 of the present Convention, and employment on
work which is of a degrading or humiliating character are in any
After a working period of six weeks, internees shall
be free to give up work at any moment, subject to eight days' notice.
These provisions constitute no obstacle to the right
of the Detaining Power to employ interned doctors, dentists and
other medical personnel in their professional capacity on behalf
of their fellow internees, or to employ internees for administrative
and maintenance work in places of internment and to detail such
persons for work in the kitchens or for other domestic tasks, or
to require such persons to undertake duties connected with the protection
of internees against aerial bombardment or other war risks. No internee
may, however, be required to perform tasks for which he is, in the
opinion of a medical officer, physically unsuited.
The Detaining Power shall take entire responsibility
for all working conditions, for medical attention, for the payment
of wages, and for ensuring that all employed internees receive compensation
for occupational accidents and diseases. The standards prescribed
for the said working conditions and for compensation shall be in
accordance with the national laws and regulations, and with the
existing practice; they shall in no case be inferior to those obtaining
for work of the same nature in the same district. Wages for work
done shall be determined on an equitable basis by special agreements
between the internees, the Detaining Power, and, if the case arises,
employers other than the Detaining Power to provide for free maintenance
of internees and for the medical attention which their state of
health may require. Internees permanently detailed for categories
of work mentioned in the third paragraph of this Article, shall
be paid fair wages by the Detaining Power. The working conditions
and the scale of compensation for occupational accidents and diseases
to internees, thus
detailed, shall not be inferior to those applicable to work of the
same nature in the same district.
All labour detachments shall remain part of and dependent upon a
place of internment. The competent authorities of the Detaining
Power and the commandant of a place of internment shall be responsible
for the observance in a labour detachment of the provisions of the
present Convention. The commandant shall keep an up-to-date list
of the labour detachments subordinate to him and shall communicate
it to the delegates of the Protecting Power, of the International
Committee of the Red Cross and of other humanitarian organizations
who may visit the places of internment.
Personal Property and Financial Resources
Internees shall be permitted to retain articles of personal use.
Monies, cheques, bonds, etc., and valuables in their possession
may not be taken from them except in accordance with established
procedure. Detailed receipts shall be given therefor.
The amounts shall be paid into the account of every
internee as provided for in Article 98. Such amounts may not be
converted into any other currency unless legislation in force in
the territory in which the owner is interned so requires or the
internee gives his consent.
Articles which have above all a personal or sentimental
value may not be taken away.
A woman internee shall not be searched except by
On release or repatriation, internees shall be given
all articles, monies or other valuables taken from them during internment
and shall receive in currency the balance of any credit to their
accounts kept in accordance with Article 98, with the exception
of any articles or amounts withheld by the Detaining Power by virtue
of its legislation in force. If the property of an internee is so
withheld, the owner shall receive a detailed receipt.
Family or identity documents in the possession of
internees may not be taken away without a receipt being given. At
no time shall internees be left without identity documents. If they
have none, they shall be issued with special documents drawn up
by the detaining authorities, which will serve as their identity
papers until the end of their internment.
Internees may keep on their persons a certain amount
of money, in cash or in the shape of purchase coupons, to enable
them to make purchases.
All internees shall receive regular allowances, sufficient to enable
them to purchase goods and articles, such as tobacco, toilet requisites,
etc. Such allowances may take the form of credits or purchase coupons.
Furthermore, internees may receive allowances from
the Power to which they owe allegiance, the Protecting Powers, the
organizations which may assist them, or their families, as well
as the income on their property in accordance with the law of the
Detaining Power. The amount of allowances granted by the Power to
which they o~e allegiance shall be the same for each category of
internees (infirm, sick, pregnant women, etc.) but may not be allocated
by that Power or distributed by the Detaining Power on the basis
of discriminations between internees which are prohibited by Article
27 of the present Convention.
The Detaining Power shall open a regular account
for every internee, to which shall be credited the allowances named
in the present Article, the wages earned and the remittances received,
together with such sums taken from him as may be available under
the legislation in force in the territory in which he is interned.
Internees shall be granted all facilities consistent with the legislation
in force in such territory to make remittances to their families
and to other dependants. They may draw from their accounts the amounts
necessary for their personal expenses, within the limits fixed by
the Detaining Power. They shall at all times be afforded reasonable
facilities for consulting and obtaining copies of their accounts.
A statement of accounts shall be furnished to the Protecting Power,
on request, and shall accompany the internee in case of transfer.