The Detaining Power shall place at the disposal of interned persons,
of whatever denomination, premises suitable for the holding of their
Canteens shall be installed in every place of internment, except
where other suitable facilities are available. Their purpose shall
be to enable internees to make purchases, at prices not higher than
local market prices, of foodstuffs and articles of everyday use,
including soap and tobacco, such as would increase their personal
well-being and comfort.
Profits made by canteens shall be credited to a
welfare fund to be set up for each place of internment, and administered
for the benefit of the internees attached to such place of internment.
The Internee Committee provided for in Article 102 shall have the
right to check the management of the canteen and of the said fund.
When a place of internment is closed down, the balance
of the welfare fund shall be transferred to the welfare fund of
a place of internment for internees of the same nationality, or,
if such a place does not exist, to a central welfare fund which
shall be administered for the benefit of all internees remaining
in the custody of the Detaining Power. In case of a general release,
the said profits shall be kept by the Detaining Power, subject to
any agreement to the contrary between the Powers concerned.
In all places of internment exposed to air raids and other hazards
of war, shelters adequate in number and structure to ensure the
necessary protection shall be installed. In case of alarms, the
measures internees shall be free to enter such shelters as quickly
as possible, excepting those who remain for the protection of their
quarters against the aforesaid hazards. Any protective measures
taken in favour of the population shall also apply to them.
All due precautions must be taken in places of internment
against the danger of fire.
Chapter III. Food and Clothing
Daily food rations for internees shall be sufficient
in quantity, quality and variety to keep internees in a good state
of health and prevent the development of nutritional deficiencies.
Account shall also be taken of the customary diet of the internees.
Internees shall also be given the means
by which they can prepare for themselves any additional food in
Sufficient drinking water shall be supplied
to internees. The use of tobacco shall be permitted.
Internees who work shall receive additional rations
in proportion to the kind of labour which they perform.
Expectant and nursing mothers and children under
fifteen years of age, shall be given additional food, in proportion
to their physiological needs.
When taken into custody, internees shall be given all facilities
to provide themselves with the necessary clothing, footwear and
change of underwear, and later on, to procure further supplies if
required. Should any internees not have sufficient clothing, account
being taken of the climate, and be unable to procure any, it shall
be provided free of charge to them by the Detaining Power.
The clothing supplied by the Detaining Power to
internees and the outward markings placed on their own clothes shall
not be ignominious nor expose them to ridicule.
Workers shall receive suitable working outfits,
including protective clothing, whenever the nature of their work
Chapter IV. Hygiene and Medical Attention
Every place of internment shall have an adequate infirmary, under
the direction of a qualified doctor, where internees may have the
attention they require, as well as an appropriate diet. Isolation
wards shall be set aside for cases of contagious or mental diseases.
Maternity cases and internees suffering from serious
diseases, or whose condition requires special treatment, a surgical
operation or hospital care, must be admitted to any institution
where adequate treatment can be given and shall receive care not
inferior to that provided for the general population.
Internees shall, for preference, have the attention
of medical personnel of their own nationality.
Internees may not be prevented from presenting themselves
to the medical authorities for examination. The medical authorities
of the Detaining Power shall, upon request, issue to every internee
who has undergone treatment an official certificate showing the
nature of his illness or injury, and the duration and nature of
the treatment given. A duplicate of this certificate shall be forwarded
to the Central Agency provided for in Article 140.
Treatment, including the provision of any apparatus
necessary for the maintenance of internees in good health, particularly
dentures and other artificial appliances and spectacles, shall be
free of charge to the internee.
Medical inspections of internees shall be made at least once a month.
Their purpose shall be, in particular, to supervise the general
state of health, nutrition and cleanliness of internees, and to
detect contagious diseases, especially tuberculosis, malaria, and
venereal diseases. Such inspections shall include, in particular,
the checking of weight of each internee and, at least once a year,
Chapter V. Religious, Intellectual and Physical Activities
Internees shall enjoy complete latitude in the exercise of their
religious duties, including attendance at the services of their
faith, on condition that they comply with the disciplinary routine
prescribed by the detaining authorities.
Ministers of religion who are interned shall be
allowed to minister freely to the members of their community. For
this purpose the Detaining Power shall ensure their equitable allocation
amongst the various places of internment in which there are internees
speaking the same language and belonging to the same religion. Should
such ministers be too few in number, the Detaining Power shall provide
them with the necessary facilities, including means of transport,
for moving from one place to another, and they shall be authorized
to visit any internees who are in hospital. Ministers of religion
shall be at liberty to correspond on matters concerning their ministry
with the religious authorities in the country of detention and,
as far as possible, with the international religious organizations
of their faith. Such correspondence shall not be considered as forming
a part of the quota mentioned in Article 107. It shall, however,
be subject to the provisions of Article 112.
When internees do not have at their disposal the
assistance of ministers of their faith, or should these latter be
too few in number, the local religious authorities of the same faith
may appoint, in agreement with the Detaining Power, a minister of
the internees' faith or, if such a course is feasible from a denominational
point of view, a minister of similar religion or a qualified layman.
The latter shall enjoy the facilities granted to the ministry he
has assumed. Persons so appointed shall comply with all regulations
laid down by the Detaining Power in the interests of discipline