Protected persons who have been accused of offences or convicted
by the courts in occupied territory, shall be handed over at the
close of occupation, with the relevant records, to the authorities
of the liberated territory.
If the Occupying Power considers it necessary, for imperative reasons
of security, to take safety measures concerning protected persons,
it may, at the most, subject them to assigned residence or to internment.
Decisions regarding such assigned residence or internment
shall be made according to a regular procedure to be prescribed
by the Occupying Power in accordance with the provisions of the
present Convention. This procedure shall include the right of appeal
for the parties concerned. Appeals shall be decided with the least
possible delay. In the event of the decision being upheld, it shall
be subject to periodical review, if possible every six months, by
a competent body set up by the said Power.
Protected persons made subject to assigned residence
and thus required to leave their homes shall enjoy the full benefit
of Article 39 of the present Convention.
Regulations for the treatment of internees
Chapter I. General provisions
The Parties to the conflict shall not intern protected persons,
except in accordance with the provisions of Articles 41, 42, 43,
68 and 78.
Internees shall retain their full civil capacity and shall exercise
such attendant rights as may be compatible with their status.
Parties to the conflict who intern protected persons shall be
bound to provide free of charge for their maintenance, and to grant
them also the medical attention required by their state of health.
No deduction from the allowances, salaries or credits
due to the internees shall be made for the repayment of these costs.
The Detaining Power shall provide for the support
of those dependent on the internees, if such dependents are without
adequate means of support or are unable to earn a living.
The Detaining Power shall, as far as possible, accommodate the internees
according to their nationality, language and customs. Internees
who are nationals of the same country shall not be separated merely
because they have different languages.
Throughout the duration of their internment, members
of the same family, and in particular parents and children, shall
be lodged together in the same place of internment, except when
separation of a temporary nature is necessitated for reasons of
employment or health or for the purposes of enforcement of the provisions
of Chapter IX of the present Section. Internees may request that
their children who are left at liberty without parental care shall
be interned with them.
Wherever possible, interned members of the same
family shall be housed in the same premises and given separate accommodation
from other internees, together with facilities for leading a proper
Places of Internment
The Detaining Power shall not set up places of internment in areas
particularly exposed to the dangers of war.
The Detaining Power shall give the enemy Powers,
through the intermediary of the Protecting Powers, all useful information
regarding the geographical location of places of internment.
Whenever military considerations permit, internment
camps shall be indicated by the letters IC, placed so as to be clearly
visible in the daytime from the air. The Powers concerned may, however,
agree upon any other system of marking. No place other than an internment
camp shall be marked as such.
Internees shall be accommodated and administered separately from
prisoners of war and from persons deprived of liberty for any other
The Detaining Power is bound to take all necessary and possible
measures to ensure that protected persons shall, from the outset
of their internment, be accommodated in buildings or quarters which
afford every possible safeguard as regards hygiene and health, and
provide efficient protection against the rigours of the climate
and the effects of the war. In no case shall permanent places of
internment be situated in unhealthy areas or in districts, the climate
of which is injurious to the internees. In all cases where the district,
in which a protected person is temporarily interned, is in an unhealthy
area or has a climate which is harmful to his health, he shall be
removed to a more suitable place of internment as rapidly as circumstances
The premises shall be fully protected from dampness,
adequately heated and lighted, in particular between dusk and lights
out. The sleeping quarters shall be sufficiently spacious and well
ventilated, and the internees shall have suitable bedding and sufficient
blankets, account being taken of the climate, and the age, sex,
and state of health of the internees.
Internees shall have for their use, day and night,
sanitary conveniences which conform to the rules of hygiene, and
are constantly maintained in a state of cleanliness. They shall
be provided with sufficient water and soap for their daily personal
toilet and for washing their personal laundry; installations and
facilities necessary for this purpose shall be granted to them.
Showers or baths shall also be available. The necessary time shall
be set aside for washing and for cleaning.
Whenever it is necessary, as an exceptional and
temporary measure, to accommodate women internees who are not members
of a family unit in the same place of internment as men, the provision
of separate sleeping quarters and sanitary conveniences for the
use of such women internees shall be obligatory.